Prague - Almost 1.51 million inhabitants of the 10.5-million Czech Republic are threatened with poverty and social exclusion, according to a survey on living conditions that the Czech Statistical Office (CSU) presented at a press conference today.
Out of these people, 140,200 have neither a sufficient income nor material means nor a job.
Though Czech households´ incomes have been slightly rising nominally, they have decreased in red terms in recent years.
In 2012, there were 149,700 crowns one average per household member a year, which was 12,500 crowns monthly, Jaromir Kalmus, from the CSU, said.
Despite it, the rate of poverty threat dropped from 9.6 to 8.6 percent year-on-year in 2013.
Statisticians focused on three categories in the survey: income poverty, material deprivation and work intensity.
In 2013, a person with a monthly income under 9674 crowns, a couple with under 14,512 crowns, a single mother with a small child having under 12,577 crowns and parents of a teenager and a small child with under 22,251 crowns a month (886,000 people in total) ended up under the poverty line in the Czech Republic.
Forty-five percent of the unemployed were threatened with income poverty, compared with 47 percent in 2009. About 3 percent of those who had a job lived under the income poverty then, while last year it was 4 percent.
On the contrary, the share of pensioners threatened with income poverty decreased from 7 to 6 percent in 2009-2013 thanks to pensions indexation, Kalmus said.
In addition, some 678,800 people suffered from material deprivation (destitution), which means that they did not have at least four out of nine quite essential things, such as a telephone, a washing machine, a TV set and a car.
They, for instance, could not afford to go on a one-week holiday at least once a year and have meat three times a week, they were not able to cover an exceptional expense of a few thousands of crowns and pay a rent regularly.
"The share of households that could not afford to pay an unexpected expense of 9400 crowns has slightly decreased, from 44 percent to 43.2 percent," Kalmus said.
About 40 percent of households could not go on a one-week holiday last year, while in 2012 it was 44 percent.
The third indicator was work intensity. Last year, 541,400 people did not have a job for at least one-fifth of full time.
Despite the statistical data on poverty, almost 75 percent of Czechs are satisfied with their lives. They, however, assess their income and work less positively than private relations and housing, the survey shows.