Czech press survey - August 28


28.08.2014 07:55

Prague - The transfer of Germans after World War Two is and will remain a Czech problem, Lubos Palata writes in daily Mlada fronta Dnes (MfD) today.


Ilustrační foto - Benešovy dekrety patří na smetiště dějin a jejich další existence jen zbytečně zatěžuje společnou budoucnost Čechů a Němců. V projevu při závěrečném zasedání 65. sudetoněmeckého sjezdu to 8. června řekl nejvyšší představitel sudetských Němců Bernd Posselt. K tématu poválečného odsunu sudetských Němců se v projevu vrátil také bavorský premiér Horst Seehofer (na snímku). ČTK Stříhavka Jakub

He comments on Germany declaring June 20 "The Day of Expellees." This step is understandable since up to one-third of Germany´s inhabitants have some experience with expulsion in their family, Palata indicates.

He writes that Germany at the same time clearly recognises the cause and consequences in its history, in other words that there would have been no post-war expulsions of Germans without Nazi Germany´s crimes, war atrocities and the Holocaust.

Almost three million ethnic Germans were transferred from then Czechoslovakia, mainly the border regions (Sudetenland), after WWII and their property was confiscated on the basis of the decrees issued by then Czechoslovak president President Edvard Benes.

Palata writes that the transfer of Germans from Czechoslovakia was only one chapter in the dark postwar years. It was neither the worst, nor the biggest but it was the most pointless one.

It resulted in hundreds of abandoned villages and settlements that disappeared in the borderland, he adds.

Czechoslovakia thereby became "a part of the East" as Western countries, such as Denmark and France, did not take the step. Moreover, it led to 40 years of a new totalitarian regime and it still provokes remorse, Palata points out.

"However, we Czechs alone must resolve the question whether the expulsion of our Germans was necessary or not. The Day of Expellees can only remind us of something which we should never repeat in our history," Palata concludes.

The nascent new Czech civil service law means a new hope, Jiri Leschtina writes in Hospodarske noviny (HN) today.

No other piece of legislation had to cover such an adventurous path. The result is a bill affected by ravages of time, the chaos of rebirth and compromises. Despite that, it is worth taking effect, Leschtina points out.

Unlike the original government´s version, the new one does not handle the civil service as "a closed shell" in which only the current civil servants could participate in competitions for managerial posts, Leschtina says.

He adds that the preservation of political deputy ministers should not be a fundamental problem either.

After long decades, Czechs will hopefully have the civil service more resistant to politicians´ raids and President Milos Zeman should no complicate the achieved compromise, Leschtina writes.

Europe is at its wits´ end over the Russian "phoney" war in Ukraine, Martin Zverina writes in Lidove noviny (LN) today.

He says the military actions in eastern Ukraine, supported by Moscow, have a clear goal - to make the government in Kiev less and less trustworthy and cause the situation where all external observers would long for "peace" only and would exert pressure on Ukraine in this respect.

And who could secure the desired peace? Naturally, Russian President Vladimir Putin. "However, it would be his peace and with an imperial territorial profit on top of that," Zverina points out.

"If Europe is not able to find a response to this [Russian foreign] policy, we can say good bye to a safe and peaceful future," Zverina concludes in LN.

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