published: 16.10.2013, 17:24 | updated: 16.10.2013 18:34:27
Terezin - An exhibition on the commanders and guards working in the Nazi-operated Jewish ghetto in Terezin and the labour camp in the nearby Litomerice from 1940 to 1945 opened in the Terezin Memorial museum today.
The exhibition also focuses on the lives of the SS staff after World War Two. Its opening marked the 72nd anniversary of the first transport of Czech Jews to concentration camps.
The exhibition is to become a permanent part of the Terezin Memorial, its author Vojtech Blodig said.
Blodig said the exhibition deals also with the everyday life of the SS staff who were among the perpetrators of the crimes.
"I am horrified that these people returned from work and spent time with their families and hobbies. It seems inconceivable to me that I´d breed rabbits near a place where people are being executed," Blodig said.
He said young people have recently come into contact with heroic sagas about SS members in which their participation in massive extermination of Jews, Romanies and other groups of inhabitants is not mentioned.
In 1941-45 the Nazi transported about 155,000 European Jews to the Terezin ghetto. Only 38,000 of them survived until the war´s end, most of the others perished in other Nazi camps.
Some 32,000 people went through the Gestapo prison in Terezin´s Little Fortress where 2600 of them died.
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