published: 12.10.2013, 14:46 | updated: 12.10.2013 15:00:21
Prague - Czech Supreme State Attorney Pavel Zeman has cancelled the district attorneys´ decision halting the prosecution of former communist prosecutor Tomas Liptak who was responsible for several farmers´ forced resettlement in the 1950s, Zeman´s spokeswoman Hana Markusovaa has told CTK.
The district state attorney´s office halted Liptak´s prosecution saying his act was statute-barred.
The Czech Totalitarian Regimes Study Institute (USTR) accused Liptak, now 85, who worked as a prosecutor in Kralupy nad Vltavou, Central Bohemia, of abuse of power.
According to the police, Liptak, knew about the decision of the district national committee (the communist-led municipal authority) to resettle the family of farmer Vaclav B. from Ujezdec village in April 1953 withing the "K (Kulak) Action."
Liptak is also prosecuted over the forced resettlement of another family from Drinov village.
Liptak faces from two to ten years in prison for abuse of power if found guilty.
So far only Ladislav Nakladal Ladislav, head of the municipal authority in Brnicko, near Olomouc, north Moravia, in the 1950s, has been convicted over the "K Action." He was given an 18-month suspended sentence in 2011.
The prosecution of most of the other persons accused in the case was halted over statutory limitation and their bad health condition.
Communists started collectivisation of agriculture after they seized power in February 1948. The regime confiscated land from the largest owners and moved them to border areas. Collectivisation followed up the nationalisation of trade and industry after World War Two.
Collectivisation mainly aimed at destroying the farmers and at subjugating the countryside to the totalitarian state. It caused disintegration of Czech countryside and harmed traditional solidarity and cohabitation in villages.
Communists resettled "kulaks" (wealthy farmers )from their homes in 1951-1954 on the basis of decrees issued by three ministers (security, interior and justice) on October 22, 1951.
Under the decrees, the families of the farmers who lived with him in one household were resettled to another farm, usually quite distant from their original residence, where they had to work and live.
The ban on staying in their original village was not issued in any penal or administrative proceedings. The deported families lived under supervision and were not allowed to leave the destination. Their property was confiscated by the state.
Special commissions set up at district authorities made decisions on the families´ resettlement. Within the "K Action" up to 4000 farmers´ families were resettled, according to historians´ estimates.
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